Physiological Shoes Information

Chicco baby shoes
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Chicco Physiological Project

Chicco shoes have all been specifically studied and designed according to four key concepts of the Chicco Physiological Project. Chicco shoes are made according to the relative growth phase of a child and aim to support the correct development of the feet.

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12 Facts You May Not Know

 

How Does the Arch Form?

Natural movement allows the feet to strengthen and develop properly as children walk normally, especially on uneven surfaces: the feet muscles are stimulated and this natural process will gradually lead to the forming of the arch.

 

Do Children Have
Flat Feet?

All children have flat feet up to the age of 3 or 4, and sometimes even longer.

 

What Should You Do?

Children’s feet are physiologically flat, the arch forms naturally at around 3 to 4 years of age. It is a normal condition that must NOT be corrected using arch supports or anatomic insoles, unless specifically prescribed by the pediatrician.

 

When to Buy Their
First Shoes?

During the first few months, children’s feet act as an important sensory organ that receives information from the surrounding environment. The bones have not completely formed yet so the feet can easily deform. This is why it is recommended to allow children to remain barefoot as much as possible: during this growth phase, shoes respond to the need to protect the feet from cold and impact. The very first structured shoes are used during the crawling phase and when children start to walk.

 

What Should Shoes Be Like?

Good shoes must always be comfortable and flexible and not cramp the feet, they need to have a shape that can create maximum freedom of movement for both the feet and toes. They must be lightweight so they do not overload the feet or tire the muscles. Shoes should be made of materials that allow the feet to breathe and gently stimulate the sole of the foot. Shoes must fit correctly giving the proper proportion between the heel and the sole to help improve their posture, making their first steps easier and they must NOT have anatomic arch supports until children are at least 3-4 years of age.

    

 

How to Buy the Right
Shoe Size?

Shoes should always be checked to make sure the heel is correctly positioned and that there are no more than 4/5 mm between the toes and the tip of the shoe.

Do not buy shoes that are excessively large as they may rub the feet and make them sore. Socks should always be worn with closed shoes.

 

Should Shoes Be High
at the Back?

It is essential to check that children’s shoes are not too tight or not supple enough to allow the feet to move naturally; they must be soft and flexible, especially at the toe. The back of the shoe, on the other hand, should be slightly structured, providing support for the heel which helps improve balance and stabilises the foot.

At the beginning, it is recommended to choose a shoe that is slightly higher at the back to help children take their first steps; after that it is not essential for the shoe to be high at the back.

 

When Do Shoes Need
Changing?

Shoes must always be the right size and must never compress or cramp the feet. It is recommended to change them every 3 months for the first two years. Check the length of their feet on a regular basis.

 

Second-hand Shoes

It is not recommended to use second-hand shoes as they may have deformed and could lead to incorrect posture.

 

What Materials to Choose?

 

Soles

They can be made of leather or plastic: as they are not in contact with the feet, they do not affect the breath-ability features of the shoe. What is important, however, is that they are lightweight and flexible in the right points to make walking easier and avoid tiring the muscles.

Lining

The inner lining of the shoe (lining and insole) plays an important role when choosing footwear because it is in contact with the foot and it must ensure proper levels of breathability. Natural materials such as calfskin or goatskin (highly breathable top quality materials) or antibacterial fabrics are therefore recommended.

 

 

How to Clean Shoes

Leather

  • Dust and mud should be removed daily using a shoe brush.
  • Apply cream polish periodically (self-shining polish is not recommended).

Patent Leather

  • Use a damp cloth to remove dust and clean the shoes.

Suede

  • Clean with a cloth dipped in a mild detergent and water.
  • Use a piece of sandpaper or natural rubber to remove any stubborn stains.

Fabric

  • Rub using a damp cloth and mild detergent.
  • Do not machine wash.
  • Do not immerse the shoes in water.
 

Shoes and Washing Machine

It is not recommended to clean shoes in a washing machine. Shoes should never be completely immersed in water as the adhesive between the upper part and the inner lining could be damaged.

12 Facts You May Not Know

How Does the Arch Form?

Natural movement allows the feet to strengthen and develop properly as children walk normally, especially on uneven surfaces: the feet muscles are stimulated and this natural process will gradually lead to the forming of the arch.

Do Children Have Flat Feet?

All children have flat feet up to the age of 3 or 4, and sometimes even longer.

What Should You Do?

Children’s feet are physiologically flat, the arch forms naturally at around 3 to 4 years of age. It is a normal condition that must NOT be corrected using arch supports or anatomic insoles, unless specifically prescribed by the pediatrician.

When to Buy Their First Shoes?

During the first few months, children’s feet act as an important sensory organ that receives information from the surrounding environment. The bones have not completely formed yet so the feet can easily deform.

This is why it is recommended to allow children to remain barefoot as much as possible: during this growth phase, shoes respond to the need to protect the feet from cold and impact. The very first structured shoes are used during the crawling phase and when children start to walk.

What Should Shoes Be Like?

Good shoes must always be comfortable and flexible and not cramp the feet, they need to have a shape that can create maximum freedom of movement for both the feet and toes; they must be lightweight so they do not overload the feet or tire the muscles; they must be made from materials that allow the feet to breathe and they must gently stimulate the sole of the foot; they must have the correct proportion between the heel and the sole to help improve their posture, making their first steps easier and they must NOT have anatomic arch supports until children are at least 3-4 years of age.

How to Buy the Right Shoe Size?

Shoes should always be checked to make sure the heel is correctly positioned and that there are no more than 4/5 mm between the toes and the tip of the shoe.

Do not buy shoes that are excessively large as they may rub the feet and make them sore. Socks should always be worn with closed shoes.

Should Shoes Be High at the Back?

It is essential to check that children’s shoes are not too tight or not supple enough to allow the feet to move naturally; they must be soft and flexible, especially at the toe. The back of the shoe, on the other hand, should be slightly structured, providing support for the heel which helps improve balance and stabilises the foot.

At the beginning, it is recommended to choose a shoe that is slightly higher at the back to help children take their first steps; after that it is not essential for the shoe to be high at the back.

When Do Shoes Need Changing?

Shoes must always be the right size and must never compress or cramp the feet. It is recommended to change them every 3 months for the first two years. Check the length of their feet on a regular basis.

Second-hand Shoes

It is not recommended to use second-hand shoes as they may have deformed and could lead to incorrect posture.

What Materials to Choose?

Soles

They can be made of leather or plastic: as they are not in contact with the feet, they do not affect the breathability features of the shoe. What is important, however, is that they are lightweight and flexible in the right points to make walking easier and avoid tiring the muscles.



Lining

The inner lining of the shoe (lining and insole) plays an important role when choosing footwear because it is in contact with the foot and it must ensure proper levels of breathability. Natural materials such as calfskin or goatskin (highly breathable top quality materials) or antibacterial fabrics are therefore recommended.

How to Clean Shoes

Leather

  • Dust and mud should be removed daily using a shoe brush.
  • Apply cream polish periodically (self-shining polish is not recommended).

Patent leather

  • Use a damp cloth to remove dust and clean the shoes.

Suede

  • Clean with a cloth dipped in a mild detergent and water.
  • Use a piece of sandpaper or natural rubber to remove any stubborn stains.

Fabric

  • Rub using a damp cloth and a mild detergent.
  • Do not machine wash.
  • Do not immerse the shoes in water.

Shoes and Washing Machine

It is not recommended to clean shoes in a washing machine. Shoes should never be completely immersed in water as the adhesive between the upper part and the inner lining could be damaged.

Chicco Shoes

Chicco Physiological Insoles

The only insole that has all the benefits to support the proper development of your child’s feet

Stimulation and breathability points
Genuine leather insole
Plantar stimulation points
Impact absorbtion point
Chicco Baby Shoes Insoles